How did Nazis control the German public? - Coggle Diagram
How did Nazis control the German public?
Goebbels took over most publishers, controlling what journalists could write and set up a press agency in order to tell newspapers what the news stories should be.
The Propaganda Ministry daily gave orders to the newspapers.
Anti-Nazi newspapers were made to close.
By 1944 there were only 1000 daily newspapers, most of which were controlled by the Nazi party.
Nazi newspapers threatened people who wanted to cancel their subscription. Also, newspaper sellers at train stations were checked to see if they were following Nazi instructions and guidelines.
Goebbels encouraged more films (more pollitical films) as the cinema was popular at this time.
Over a thousand films were made during the Third Reich.
They were love stories, comedies and adventure films: the rest were political films.
The propaganda film Jud Suss was about an 'evil' Jew, and Ohm Kruger was an anti-british film about the Boer War
People were only allowed in at the very start of the program as before the actual film started cinemas were made to display newsreels and short documentary fims which carried on the Nazi message.
Goebbels thought that propaganda works better when people were entertained so he wanted the movies to be made well.
Two Nazi propaganda films are considered as masterpieces of the cinema are The Triumph of the Will about the 1934 Nuremberg Rally and Olympiade, about the 1936 Olympic Games. They were directed by Leni Riefenstahl.
Festivals and celebrations
People were encouraged to attend a new list of events on which they were expected to attend parades and speeches and hang flags.
January: 'Day of seizing power'- mass torchlight processions
February: Founding of the Nazi Party Day
March: War Heroes' day
April: Hitler's birthday- army parades, flowers for Hitler's portrait in schools.
July: German Culture Day
September: Reich Party- a weeks rally at Nuremburg
November: Anniversary of the Munich Putsch- silent march through Munich.
The week-long Nuremberg rallies were the highlight of the year and thousands of people turned up to watch plays and displays and listen to speeches.
Goebbels set up the Reich chamber of culture
All musicians, artists, writers and actors had to be a part of the chamber.
Goebbels could stop anyone from working there by ending their membership
Many people who were thought to be unsuitable were banned. Some left Germany in protest but others began to make work that was acceptable to the Nazis.
Goebbels had guidelines for what was acceptable.
Music was allowed as long as it was folk songs, marching music and classical music by Bach, Mozart and Beethoven were prefered.
Theatre concentrated on German history and political drama.
Cheap tickets were available for everyone but if you joined the Nazi Cultural Association you could see ten plays at half price but you couldn't choose what or when as Goebbels controlled that too
Goebbels got control of the radio and made the Reich Radio Company which controlled all radio stations.
Millions of cheap radios were made called 'The People's Receiver' and they couldn't pick up any foreign broadcast.
By 1939 70% of German households had a radio. For those who didn't, 6000 loudspeaker pillars were erected across germany where Nazi propaganda could be heard.
Local Radio wardens encouraged the spread of radio.
Goebbels made a list of books that were banned and were removed from bookshops and libraries
In May 1933 Nazi's encouraged students to burn books they believed un-German and Jewish.
Goebbels wanted books about race, war and the Naz movementi
A model Nazi book in 1929 waw written by Goebbels called Michael.
The Berlin Olympics
Goebbels insistied having the olympics in 1936
Unlike the other teams, the Germans were well prepared
Hitlers persicution of Jews was well known at this time and others wanted to boycott the games
The german team contained one token Jewish athlete