Teaching Reading - Coggle Diagram
Characteristics of Written language
(spoken lg : fleeting)
While spoken language is
so that the hearer has to make immediate perceptions and immediate storage, written language is
, so the reader can return to a word, phrase, or sentence again and again.
Readers can read at their own rate. Readers can develop very rapid reading rates, but slow readers can feel inferior to the 'printed word'. However, fast readers do not necessarily have an advantage over slow readers.
Physical distance & Temporal distance
Written language was written in some other place at some other time, so the reader has to interpret language without other cues. So, the text is the only
cue, and this sometimes
nature of writing also makes reading difficult.
(spoken lg : phonemes)
In writings, English orthography is highly predictable, because readers can consider morphological information as well.
(spoken lg : linguistic complexity)
Writing has longer clauses and more subordination
than spoken language.
often appear in writing.
(spoken lg : higher-frequency words)
writing is more
Formality refers to prescribed form that certain written messages must adhere to.
rhetorical or organizational formality
Types of assessment tasks
: recognition of symbols, letters, words
(reproduce in writing)
(including true-false and fill-in-the-blank)
multiple choice grammar/voca tasks
contextualized multiple choice
(within a short paragraph)
sentence-level cloze tasks
grammar/vocabulary editing tasks
(Ss choose among graphic representations)
discourse-level cloze tasks
(requiring knowledge of discourse)
short-answer editing tasks
re-ordering sequences of sentences
responding to charts, maps, graphs, diagrams
responding to reading through short essays
Types of classroom
can serve as an evaluative check on bottom-up processing skills
double as a pronunciation check
serve to add some extra student participation
not a very authentic language activity
other students can easily lose attention
can be just mere recitation
Classroom oriented activity
calls students' attention to grammatical forms, discourse markers, and other surface structure details
taking a closer look at a text("zoom lens")
can be a content-related reading
carried out to achieve a general understanding
usually performed outside of class time
can be pleasure reading(reading for enjoyment)
can help learners get away form overanalyzing or looking up words.