FIRE PREVENTION&CONTROL SERVICES - Coggle Diagram
FIRE PREVENTION&CONTROL SERVICES
System that required installation in a building to control the fire from spreading quickly, protect and save the lives, detect at early stage and slow down the process of fire
THE FIRE TRIANGLE is to prevent a fire,just remove one of three essential ingredients(oxygen,heat&fuel)
Active Fire Prevention System
A system to fight the fire directly, work manually or automatically
Standard fire fighting equipment in commercial&public buildings
Easy to use, not endanger for users, reliable and effective&appropriate for various types of fire.
Types of extinguisher can be differentiated by the colouring
Inspect extinguisher at least once a month to ensure that is not blocked,nozzle are not obstructed, pressure is at the recommended level and no dents,leaks,chemical deposits
To control the fire at an early stage by spraying water with special emphasis on the zone or area concerned.
Connected to fire alarm and act automatically
The specification will depends on the purpose intended for a building(contents,function,occupancy,size&industrial premises
Wet Risers is a fire hydrant in the building for use by fire fighters during a fire and is required for building with heights greater than 30.5m/10 floors exceeded the level of the fire equipment access
Dry Riser is a pipe-mounted vertical column from the ground floor to top floor of building and requires for building over 60 feet high/5 floors and not more than 100 feet high should fit with dry riser system
manual system to give an early aid and suitable for small fires that have just started and prevent it from spreading.
Uses a piping system that connects to two pump.
Passive Fire Prevention System
Protection of fire and fire safety in buildings and can prevent the spread of fire using fire-resistant walls,floors,doors and others.
must be easily accessible&unlocked
A plan show which routes to be follow in case of emergency
Should be established in each building so that when an emergency occurs, the occupants can move out smoothly.
Wall with layer of thermal&sound insulation.
Avoid and delay quick fire spread to other building
Known as safety route&is direction indicator to show the route to exit&enter a building
Emergency staircase, fire rated doors and others
Semi-circle shaped ladder and available at a flat or shop house
Important because residents are not allowed to use the elevator during fire.
Fire Detection System
To detect one/more of the three characteristics of fire(smoke,heat&flame)
To indicate location of the outbreak of fire, To operate alarm bells&To communicate with local authority
Element In System:
system control unit, primary electrical supply, secondary power supply, alarm activation&indication devices,remote indication&control relay via a building management