ContrerasNathan DigestUrinary.pdf - Coggle Diagram
Major functions of the urinary system
the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra. The purpose of the urinary system is to eliminate waste from the body, regulate blood volume and blood pressure, control levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulate blood pH.
Major Organs of the Urinary system
the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. The kidneys are bean-shaped organs which help the body produce urine to get rid of unwanted waste substances.
Major Functions of the digestive system
digestion of food, absorption of nutrients, and elimination of solid food waste. Digestion is the process of breaking down food into components the body can absorb.
Major organs the Digestive system
Accessory digestive organs: liver, gallbladder, pancreas.
Deoxyribonuclease and ribonuclease
Location of Digestion
digestion begins in the mouth with salivary amylase in saliva splitting complex carbohydrates into simple carbohydrates. The enzymes and acid in the stomach continue chemical digestion, but the bulk of chemical digestion takes place in the small intestine thanks to the action of the pancreas.
Absorption of each Macromolecule
In chemical digestion, enzymes break down food into the small molecules the body can use. Digestive enzymes are enzymes that break down polymeric macromolecules into their smaller building blocks, in order to facilitate their absorption by the body.
Layers of the GI Tract
The GI tract contains four layers: the innermost layer is the mucosa, underneath this is the submucosa, followed by the muscularis propria and finally, the outermost layer - the adventitia. The structure of these layers varies, in different regions of the digestive system, depending on their function.
Layers of the Stomach
Mucosa. This is the first and innermost layer or lining. ...
Submucosa. This second layer supports the mucosa. ...
Muscularis. The third layer is made of thick muscles. ...
Subserosa. This layer contains supporting tissues for the serosa.
Serosa. This is the last and outermost layer.
A nephron is the basic unit of structure in the kidney. A nephron is used separate to water, ions and small molecules from the blood, filter out wastes and toxins, and return needed molecules to the blood. The glomerulus is the specialized configuration of capillaries within the nephron that make kidneys possible.
A nephron is used separate to water, ions and small molecules from the blood, filter out wastes and toxins, and return needed molecules to the blood.
Disorders of the Digestive System
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) ...
Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD) and Gastritis. ...
Stomach Flu. ...
Gluten Sensitivity and Celiac Disease. ...
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) ...
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) ...
Disorders of the Urinary System
interstitial cystitis, kidney stones, kidney failure, and urinary tract infections.