Introduction to Speech and Language Therapy. - Coggle Diagram
Introduction to Speech and Language Therapy.
History of Speech and Language Therapy in the UK.
Speech therapist work with people of all ages, that have communication and swallowing disorders.
Formal training gradually introduced.
Central School of Speech Training and Dramatic Art.1925 lead to separate Department of Speech Therapy.
Elocutionists came from theatrical or teaching backgrounds and were offered training from this school.
Hospital based schools in speech and language therapy were put together in 1926 &1932 (Scotland 1928, became formal as the Glasgow School of Speech Therapy 1935).
1945 across uk 3 year qualification.
Speech therapy profession started back in the 19th century.
John Wyllie's The Disorder of Speech 1894. Credited with drawing attention to the field.
SLT's practise at the turn of the century, self taught.
Oratory, Elocutionists focus on speeh correction.
or Medical Practitioners, speech disorders resulting from organic causes/ physical.
Early SLT's worked mainly in voluntary or private practice. In time over the 20th centuary they started to work for the local authority, hospitals, the NHS and individual schools.
1930's The Association of Speech Therapist (Artistic) and British Society of Speech Therapists (Medical group of SLTs.). Differing views.
2 bodies of thought held competant practises, joining together after the 2nd World War becoming in 1945 The College of Speech Therapists.
1991 renamed the College of Speech and Language Therapists.
1995 Awarded Royal title.
Speech and language therapy has early connection to royal family.'The King's Speech.'
1920's to 1940's King George VI relationship with Lionel Logue. He was awarded by the King the honour of Commander of the Royal Victorian Order.
Lionel logue was the one of the founders that unified The College of Speech Therapists and asked King George VI to be its royal patron. After his death Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother became its royal patron (1959) and after her death The Countess of Wessex in 2003.
Core speech and language practises have changed alot throughout the 20th centuary.
Also external sociatal changes; goverment health polices, education and technological advances, leading to radical developments in the profession.
Innovation and application of new evidence in disciplines that underpin speech and language practises, including medicine, psychology and linguistics.
Early Clint groups were children with a cleft lip or palate, people with who stammer and people with aphasia.
SLT's client group has increased over the decades e.g autistic spectrum disorder, cerebral palsy, dementia, developmental language disorder, dysarthria, dysfluency, dysphagia, head, neck and voice cancer.
People who benefit from Speech Therapy.
Help with primary speech, language and communication difficulties. Maybe because of a stammar or hearing problems or also a learning difference.
Adults with learning difficulties.
Help those with severe devlopmental issues, such as Autism, Down Syndrome or learning disabilities.
Help adults with communication or swallowing difficulties, due to medical conditions, such as a stroke, Parkinsons, cancer of the neck and mouth or dementia.
Support infants who have cerebral palsy, cleft palate or down syndrome. Helping them with speech development issues, swallowing or play and commmunication development.
What a SLT does and where they work.
A SLT will evaluate and diagnose speech, language, coginitive communication and swallowing disorders.
Qualitive and Quantative data assessment methods= Standard tests/ special instruments.
Treatment in accordance with age and individual diagnoses.
SLT's work as part of a team and provide clinical services on an individual or group level, depending on needs and environment.
Work Sites: School private or public/ hospitals/ rehabilitation centres/ college or university/ private practice/ state and local health departments/ state and govermental agencies/ home health agencies/ adult day centres/ research laboratories.
The other teams that SLT's might work with.
Special Education teachers.