functions of the verbs be and have. - Coggle Diagram
functions of the verbs be and have.
The verb to be in English is translated in Spanish as the verbs ser or estar in the infinitive.
It is used as an auxiliary verb with the present continuous or past continuous tenses:
Example: She is eating a sandwich.
It is used before adjectives and nouns to show identity or state of being:
Exmaple: Sara and Meli are sisters.
Used as an auxiliary verb in the future when going to is used:
Example: We are going to a party tomorrow.
Used to indicate age:
Example: I am 19 years old.
Used to indicate location:
Example: My school is in the city.
Rules of the verb To Be in the present simple
The verb to be in the present simple is conformed by am, is, are.
IS-----> She, He, It.
ARE-----> We, They, You
subject + verb TO BE + Complement
Example: I am a dancer
She is tall
You are intelligent
subject + verb TO BE + not + complement
Example: I am not like cats
She is not from Guadalajara
They are not happy
verb TO BE + subject + complement
Example: Are you a student?
The Spanish verb 'to have' has the main meaning of 'tener' and 'haber'. It can also have other meanings, such as "take".
It has two uses: The first is when acting as the main verb of the sentence and the second when it is used as an auxiliary verb.
It can also be used to express need or obligation.
1st person ->I had
3rd person->he, she, it had
2nd person-> You had
Subjet + HAVE + Complemt
Subjet + HAVE + Not + complent
HAVE + subjet + Complemet