THE DEVELOPMENT OF POETRY, , - Coggle Diagram
THE DEVELOPMENT OF POETRY
ANGLO SAXON LITERATURE
Anglo-Saxon poetry was transmitted orally from father to son. It was or epic or elegiac. The main formal aspect were stress and alliteration, other important features were kennings, litotes and riddles.
Anglo-Saxon literature was anonymous and oral, the poet, called a “scop” was accompanied by a harp. The scop’s social function was extremely important because he sang du during ceremonies and festivities
Alliteration is the repetition of some initial consonant sound.
Kenning is a sort of primitive metaphor, formulaic phrase that is used instead of a name or noun.
The litotes is an understatement in which an affirmative is stated by negating its opposite
Riddle is a linguistic guessing game to mystify
Stress is the relative emphasis that may be given to certain syllables in a word, or to certain words in a phrase or sentence
THE MEDIEVAL LYRIC
During the Middle Ages the lyric became a popular form. It expressed personal emotions. The first lyrics were religious in tone, but the later lyrics were concentrated on ideas of love and nature.
It is characterized by its brevity and emotional expression
THE EPIC POEM
The epic poem is a long narrative poetical composition dealing with the recollection of glorious past in the nation history of a country and of its brave heroes
The main theme is the nature of heroic and function of leadership in heroic society. The didactic aim is linked to the celebration of heroic values
The style is very rich and vivid
The narrative of epic poem is made up by a series of vivid, pictorial flashes or type scenes such as the banquet , the battle and so on
The word "epic" comes from the Greek noun épos, which means "Oral exposition". The two major epic poems are the Iliad and the Odyssey attributed to Homer
THE METRICAL ROMANCES
The metrical romances'tales were stories in verses, about chiavarly, love and supernatural creatures. They come from France, Rome and Britain
Metrical romances were non-rhyming prose poems, that told stories usually concluding with a happy ending. They became very popular
THE MEDIEVAL BALLAD
Ballads were a popular form of entertainment. They were anonymous and were intended for singing and dancing.Their linguage was simple and included formulaic phrases to describe conventional situations, settings and characters. They were transmitted orally
In the ballads there was a mixture of dialog and narration, there was no morality