ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY (Management Styles (Support Model: this model…
the discipline or branch of psychology oriented to the study of people's behavior within an organization
The importance of organizational psychology
The psychology applied to work and organizations is very important because beyond a company is motivated by factors economic (as happens when a business is profitable) within every company there are human issues, such as conflicts of communication , interpersonal problems, lack of leadership , lack of team spirit, ego struggles .
Organizational psychology also shows that the optimal functioning of a work team is a complex process because each person has their own history.
factors influencing behavior and motivation
culture and organizational climate,
immediate work environment.
The study of organizational behaviour gives insight on how employees behave and perform in the workplace. It helps us develop an understanding of the aspects that can motivate employees, increase their performance, and help organizations establish a strong and trusting relationship with their employees.
Every individual is unique based on their experiences and knowledge. Organizational behavior is able to help leaders understand the motivational tools required to facilitate their employees to reach their potential. It is significant for leaders to analyze the organizational structure that can act in their employee's interest.
Support Model: this model depends on leadership
collegial Model: relates to a group of people who have a common purpose. It is a team concept
Paternalistic or Custody Model: it is interested in the security needs of the personnel, it is based on a good economic resource;
Autocratic Model: management is oriented towards an official and formal authority.
A social system of organizational behavior is made up of the philosophy, business goals and objectives, styles of management and leadership, types of formal and informal organizations, environment and organizational culture.
Motivation is explained in terms of desire (active forces or impulses, desire for power, status) and rejection (social rejection, isolation)
Motivation is not the same in all people since it is determined by culture, family, values, previous experiences, expectations, etc.
Needs act as a dynamic and continuous force that causes behavior.
The Phenomenon of Changes
ARH's overall human goal when it comes to change is to restore group balance and personal adjustment that have been altered by change.