Chapter 6: Mortality Causes & Consequences (Birth is the very first…
Chapter 6: Mortality Causes & Consequences
Birth is the very first human, death is the very last.
Once a death is certified, it is recorded in a national state.
Mortality refers to the process of the depletion of a population through death.
General mortality is used when referring to the occurrence of death regardless of cause or age.
Morbidity refers to an abnormal or pathological states.
Latin word Morbus meaning "diseased"
Greek word Marainien which means "to waste away".
Natural increase, which combines with migration.
Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary (25th edition) defines death as the irreversible cessation of a total cerebral function.
Extending and preserving life has been one of the oldest concerns of human kind.
In order to prevent death, it is essential to learn about all causes of death.
Neonatal mortality rate (NMR), which focuses on the first 28 days of life.
Infant mortality rate (IMR), covering the first year of life.
CDR = (D/P) x 1,000
DRs = Ds/Ps x 1,000
ASDRx = (Dx/Px) x 1,000
Child mortality rate (CMR) which measures death among persons one to five years old.
Age-specific death measure the incidence of death among members of the same cohorts.
The two approaches to measuring how frequently a disease occurs are the Prevalence and the Incidence.
The higher the per-capita gross national product (GNP) the lower the IMR.
Fetal mortality also called "Involuntary abortion" or "miscarriage" is death that occurs to a visible fetus.
Cause-specific mortality is closely related to research on morbidity.
Another major indicator of a population’s general health conditions is average life expectancy at birth.
In fact, public health experts referred to the region as “the stroke belt.”
More- over, this “normal” situation was frequently punctuated by periods of epidemics and pandemics (such as the Black Death of fourteenth-century Europe), during which entire families, villages, and towns were wiped out.