Andrew Jackson & His 3 Crises (Background/Personality (Orphan and…
Andrew Jackson & His 3 Crises
Orphan and faced a lot of personal tragedies & grew up very poor
Scotch-Irish Immigrant family
self- educated lawyer
He had a great work ethic which the people admired plus he had the ability to overcome challenges even though he came from a poor background. To the common man he was one of them compared to the previous presidents who were members of the aristocracy.
Rised from ashes to an angry polished jewel
S.C. raises a 25,000 man militia
Jackson went to congress to pass the Force Bill which allows the president to use military force on U.S citizens
SC threatened to secede based on the right they believed they can nullify federal law if unconstitutional
Vice President Calhoun was from South Carolina and resigned in 1832 which was when the second tariff happend.
argument of who has power state or federal
Federal law trumps state law trumps local power
Indian Removal Act
Jackson takes the state power rather than listen to the congressional decisions and respect its power.
Jackson defies the supreme court ruling and allows Georgia to occupy Indian owned land.
Tribes sued and took it all the way to the supreme court
Georgia speculators found gold deposits on Indian owned land.
The Trail of Tears. Many Indians died during the move to Oklahoma.
The Supreme Court supported the tribes in their claims to the land.
80 percent of the 2nd National Bank was privately funded and profits went to the rich.
Jackson believed banks was unconstitutional, he argued that it violated the fundamental rights of the people in a democratic society.
Jackson's most controversial use of executive power was his successful attack on the Bank of the U.S. After it failed to recharter the original bank of the U.S (veto their recharter)
1837: The biggest economical crisis in American history up until the great depression.
Jackson hated banks because he lost all his money at one point
Jackson removed all federal deposits
A.J. sided with the poor people and himself against the rich bank