INDIAN ACT 1876 (Direct Consequences ( Residential schools (The purpose of…
INDIAN ACT 1876
The purpose of residential schools was to educate and convert Indigenous youth and to integrate them into Canadian society.
First school built 1925
An Indian Reserve is a tract of land set aside under the Indian Act and treaty agreements for the exclusive use of an Indian band. Band members possess the right to live on reserve lands, and band administrative and political structures are frequently located there.
Aboriginal people dont have to pay taxes
Strict Rules for indigenous people.
By giving up their status they lose the associated rights and benefits. This way the federal government was financially responsible for fewer people.
The "permit system" ensured that only a subsistence level of farming could be achieved by First Nations. It also restricted contact among the area's First Nation farmers and non-First Nations.
The Construction of the CPR
British superiority after 1812 war
Gradual Civilization Act of 1857
The Indian Act, which was enacted in 1876 and has since been amended, allows the government to control most aspects of aboriginal life: Indian status, land, resources, wills, education, band administration and so on.
Construction started in 1881
The original purpose was the construction of a transcontinental railway, a promise to British Columbia upon its entry into Confederation. The railway — completed in 1885 — connected Eastern Canada to BC and played an important role in the development of the nation.
Restrictions to some clothing and no traditional dances or ceremonies.
Must stay in Indian camps.
If they earn a university degree they lose their status
Restricted First Nations from leaving reserve without permission from the Indian Agent.
Denied First Nations the right to vote
Created a permit system to control First Nations ability to sell products from farms
Ideas of British superiority began to emerge fueled by missionaries who believed that Indigenous peoples were ‘savage.’ The role of the government shifted from acknowledging the original peoples of the territories to one where the original peoples were in need of being saved.
“The great aim of our legislation has been to do away with the tribal system and assimilate the Indian people in all respects with the other inhabitants of the Dominion as speedily as they are fit to change.” – John A Macdonald, 1887