Religion (Religion as a Social Institution (Religion: the set if beliefs…
Religion as a Social Institution
Religion: the set if beliefs and practices regarding sacred things that help a society understand the meaning and purpose of life.
Sacred: Aspects of life that are supernatural and awe-inspiring.
Profane: Aspects of life that are practical and down-to-earth.
Types of Religious Organizations
Church: The Ecclesia and Denomination
Church: A large bureaucratically organized religious organization that's closely integrated into the larger society.
Ecclesia: a large, bureaucratically organized religious organizations that is a formal part of the state and has most or all of a state's citizens as its members.
Denomination: a large, bureaucratically organized religious organization that is closely integrated into the larger society but is not a formal part of the state.
Sect: A relatively small religious organization that is not closely integrated into the larger society and that often conflicts with at least some of its norms and values.
Cult: A small religious organization that is at great odds with that norms and values of the large society.
Religion in Historical and Cross-Cultural Perspectives
Monotheistic: Believing in one god
Polytheistic: Believing in more than one god.
Religion in the United States
Religious Affiliation and Religious Identification
Religious Affiliation: actual membership in a church or synagogue or just a state of identification with a particular religion whether or not someone actually belongs to a local house of worship.
Religious Preference: a synonym for religious affiliation.
Religiosity: The significance of religion in a persons life.
Trends in Religious Beliefs and Activity
Secularization: The weakening importance of religion in a society.
Civil Religion: the devotion of a nation's citizens to their society and government.
The Rise of Religious Conservatism
Religious Conservatism: In the U.S context, the belief that the bible is the actual word of god.
Social Issues in the News
Sociological Perspectives on Religion