Reproductive System, Ashley Haro, p.4 (anatomy of the male and female…
Reproductive System, Ashley Haro, p.4
Major functions of the reproductive system
The major function of the reproductive system is to create eggs and sperm cells and transport these cells and be able to support them. It also functions to produce sex hormones. Lastly is also serves to develop offspring.
anatomy of the male and female reproductive structures and their functions
Seminal vesicle: two small glands that store and produce the majority of the fluid that makes up semen
Ejaculatory duct: mixes the sperm stored in the ampulla with fluids secreted by the seminal vesicles and takes it to the prostate
Prostate gland: secretes prostate fluid
Rectum: prepares for the feces elimination through the anal canal
Anus: 2-inch long canal consisting of the pelvic floor muscles and the two anal
Epididymis: it transports and stores sperm cells that are produced in the testes and brings the sperm to maturity.
Testes: they produce gametes/sperm and secrete hormones(testosterone)
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Ovaries: produce oocytes/eggs for fertilization and produce the reproductive hormones (estrogen and progesterone)
Fallopian tube: it transports the ova from the ovary to the uterus each month or it transports the fertilized egg to the uterus for implantation.
Uterus: it nurtures the fertilized ovum.
Vagina: muscular canal that allows menstruation, intercourse, and childbirth to occur.
Cervix: it allows flow of menstrual blood from the uterus into the vagina it also directs the sperms into the uterus during intercourse.
hormones of the reproductive system
Follicle stimulating hormone- Causes egg maturation in the ovary.
Luteinising hormone- Stimulates the release of the egg.
Estrogen and Progesterone- line the uterus
events of the female cycles
Menstruation is when you get your period, the phase starts when an egg from the previous cycle isn’t fertilized it also releases a combination of blood, mucus and tissue from the uterus.
Follicular Phase starts on the first day of your period and ends when you ovulate. It stimulates your ovaries to produce around 5 to 20 small sacs(follicles) and each follicle contains an immature egg.
ovulation and luteal phase: Release of LH hormone commences, which is when ovulation commences and a mature egg is released. The luteal phase thickens the uterus to prepare for a fertilized egg implantation.
disorders of the reproductive system
Breast Cancer: symptoms- lump in the breast, bloody discharge from the nipple, and changes in the shape or texture of the nipple or breast.
HIV/AIDS: has symptoms such as fever, sore throat, and fatigue. Sometimes leads to death