ACTIVITY 5.6: SOMEONE TO DEPEND ON (**QUESTION 3 (a: A fall in the number…
ACTIVITY 5.6: SOMEONE TO DEPEND ON
1A: The size of the dependent population
CHINA: 383.6 Million
INDIA: 450.3 million
USA :110 million
BRAZIL : 63.1 MILLION
Russia : 44.8 million
Bangladesh : 55.5 Million
1B: The dependency ratio
Japan : 0.654
Indonesia : 0.489
Russia = 0.45
BRAZIL : 0.4364
a: A fall in the number of people in employment
Example China: The effect on dependency ratio will increase as there are more dependent people in the country which could burden the working population
b. Increase in the number of old people
The working population would decrease as old people are not physically able to work therefore the dependency ratio would increase
C. An increase in the number of births
The population of the country will increase but the working population will remain the same. Because the new born babies will still not be able to work. Therefore, the dependency ration will increase.
d. An increase in employment
the working population would increase , because more and more people is getting a job,so that the dependency ratio will decrease.
E. A decrease in the number of births
The dependency ratio will decrease as the ratio of people in the workforce will increase because less births decreases children who are not available to work.
F: Net inward migration by people of working age
Migrant people will increase the population and working population. If there is 2 million migrant move in Bangladesh the population will move to 165 million population. The dependency ratio will decrease from 0.515 to 0.336.
QUESTION 2: WHICH COUNTRIES HAVE:
A. The highest dependency ratio
B. The lowest dependency ratio
B, D, E, F
BOTH TYPES OF ECONOMIES
A. A country that is overpopulated with people in large numbers.
MRP - re do the definition below
B.Japan is considered overpopulated as though their population is not as high, their
It is unlikely that Japan would be considered overpopulated. Japan has a relatively low dependency ratio and people continue to enjoy relatively high standards of living. It is able to trade internationally and continues to invest in technical progress to expand the productive potential of the economy. Both these factors have increased the availability of goods and services to the Japanese population over time and continue to do so.