Oscar Wilde (The picture of Dorian Gray (PLOT (Set in London at the end…
The picture of
: first appeared in a magazine.
: revised and extended.
It reflects Oscar Wilde’s personality.
It was considered immoral by the Victorian public.
at the end of the 19th century.
The painter Basil Hallward makes a
of a handsome young man, Dorian Gray.
Dorian’s desires of
appear on the portrait.
Dorian lives only for
The painter discovers Dorian’s secret and he is
by the young man.
Later Dorian wants to get
from the portrait; he stabs it but in so doing
he kills himself
At the very moment of death the portrait returns to its original purity and Dorian turns into a
A modern version of Dr. Faust
is in keeping with the devil’s role in Dr Faust.
Lord Henry acts as the
The picture stands for the
of Dorian’s personality.
is placed before Dorian: a potential
The moral of the novel
When Dorian destroys the picture, he cannot avoid the
for all his sins -->
The picture, restored to its original beauty, illustrates Wilde’s
theories of art:
art survives people
, art is eternal.
The horrible, corrupting picture could be seen as a symbol of the
of the Victorian middle class.
and reality cannot be
of Being Earnest
Wilde’s most enduringly
Jack has invented an
, a younger brother called Ernest who lives in the City.
Humour comes from the characters’ false identities.
Set in England during the late Victorian era.
The protagonists: two young aristocratic men,
Ernest, actually called
, was adopted at an
early age by a
Mr Thomas Cardew
They belong to
They are typical Victorian
concerned with money
They are interested only in a
of the Victorian English aristocrat woman.
Wilde’s new comedy of manners
A new sort of the
Restoration comedy of Manners
The problems of Wilde’s age are reflected in
This comedy was a mirror of the
fashionable and corrupted world
of the Victorian
The nature of marriage
is one of the main concerns of the characters in the play.
of the institution of marriage.
Marriage is seen as a
practice, a tool for achieving social stature.
Irony and Victorian morality
The play central plot – the man who is both and isn't Ernest/earnest – presents a
, misspelling for “
”, means earnest, honest.
of the characters are really
Characters are used to criticize
What Wilde wants us to see as truly moral is really the opposite of
The Ballad of Reading Gaol
The author’s name:
Wilde’s prison reference number.
Plot: the dramatic story of an
Poetic form: a
life in prison,
, the problem of
collective and social guilt