Urban Development of The Paris Basin ( (It's the centre of the fertile…
Urban Development of The Paris Basin
Paris contains 20% of all the national workforce in France.
Paris is constantly growing due to in-migration and this has slowed down the development of towns and cities in the regio.
Paris dominates all the aspects of economic ans social life. It's a primate city. The next biggest city in France is Marseilles.
Urban planners have turned to other towns around the region to help with the population growth.
Paris and it suburbs have a population of around 12 million people.
It's the centre of the fertile floodplain of the River.
It's the epicentre of road and rail routes in France.
It's a bridging point across the River Seine.
It is the capital and a primate city.
It has the most industrial development.
It has a history for craft making and textiles.
It's a centre of in-migration.
There was a plan put in place to fix these problems and to help the city deal with the growing population.
It was put in place in 1965 and it was called The Schéma Directeur.
In the 1950's and 60's, Paris suffered from overcrowding. It had to deal with traffic congestion ; air, water, and noise pollution and visual pollution. It had major problems with inner-city decay and urban-sprawl.
It aimed to control the rate of growth and to improve housing conditions in certain areas.
To improve the enlarge land available for recreational use and to develop employment for the city and suburbs.
It wanted to improve the transport system and to protect the natural environment.
This created five new towns which expanded extremely quick. Examples are La Defénse and Marne-la-Valée.
The most successful town was St. Quentin-en-Yvelines. It has a population of 150,000 and the plan introduced 40,00 new jobs.
When the plan was put it place, it intended to concentrate on development of towns north and south of the Seine also.
Thanks to the plan, urban renewal, regeneration, industry, housing and trade have improved and carefully monitored to stop urban sprawl and environmental pollution.
Reasons for the Growth of Paris
The Schéme Directeur