Vitamins: Vitamins are involved in nearly every bodily process, with some examples being maintaining healthy skin, immune system boost, and metabolic processes. An example of some important vitamins are vitamin A, D, E, K, B-6, C, etc.
Minerals: Minerals are important for a range of bodily functions. It is especially important to maintain a balanced diet, as the body can only receive minerals from outside sources. Some examples of major minerals would be potassium, sodium, iron, iodine, etc.