Chapter 4: Geographic Distribution Population and Territory (Measuring…
Chapter 4: Geographic Distribution Population and Territory
The number of persons, households per unit of area.
Geographic Information Systems (GIS):
A computerized approach to mapping demographic and other types of information.
How Territory is Divided: Administrative and Statistical Areas
The force which geographic factors exert on population characteristics and dynamics.
Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSA):
An urban area consisting of a city or adjacent cities with a population of at least 50,000 and its suburbs.
Consolidated Metropolitan Statical Areas (CMSA):
An urbanized region of the United Staes consisting of a city with a population size of at least 1 million and its suburbs.
Standard Metropolitan Area (SMA):
Includes all persons who live within or near a city who could reasonably be treated as participants.
Population Density: Concepts and Consequences:
Density including its measurements and its relationship to socioeconomic structure and behavior, its role in the process of Urban Growth. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PEOPLE AND SPACE.
D = Q/A
Q= QUANTITY OF PERSONS,
A= AREAL UNIT
Density and Behavior
The pathological condition of population collapse as the result of crowding; from the work of behavioral psychologist, John Calhoun.
GEORG SIMMEL (1858- 1918): THE PHILOSOPHY OF MONEY (1990)
The Urbanization of the Human Population:
STRONGLY INFLUENCED BY SIZE AND LOCATION OR ITS URBAN CENTERS.
The fact of being primary or more important.
A Historical Overview of Urban Growth:
Homo Sapiens evolved over 38,000 years ago.
10,000 years ago the first cities were established in the middle east.
A dramatic increase in the production of food and other primary produce that contributes to the development and growth of cities.
A city that is politically autonomous and governs the population.
Central Place Theory (1930s):
The influential theory of Walter Christaller (1893- 1969) that focuses on the influence of a central place on the surrounding area.
Urbanization Before the Industrial Revolution:
Almost all ancient cities were small. The size was based off of two factors, the central advantange and how big their agricultural surplus was. After the fall of the Roman empire colonization started to shift west giving us the China empire and two others.
The Industrial City Emerges:
Holland and Amsterdam became two big hubs due to their technological advancements.
AGRICULTURE REVOLUTION = IMPORTANT
Latin American, India, and Africa were late to the industrial revolution.
Urban Growth in the United States:
We began as a nation of Farmers. The Declaration of Independence sparked the beginning of the Industrial Revolution.
Geographic Information Systems:
Form of Cartography because its focus is on its production of physical maps that convey information to the user.
Can display Demographic, Geological, Civil Engineering Data and more.