FOOD AND NUTRITION (THE IMPORTANCE OF NUTRIENTS IN MENU SELECTION…
FOOD AND NUTRITION
is the nourishing substances in food that provide energy and promote the growth and maintenance of your body.
is a measure of the energy in food, specifically the energy-yielding nutrients.
is the food and beverages you normally eat and drink.
is all the reaction by which the body obtains and expands the energy from food.
THE IMPORTANCE OF NUTRIENTS IN MENU SELECTION
Getting adequate nutrients within calories need
Engaging in physical activity
Selecting from the right food group
Manage consumption of fat
Manage consumption of carbohydrates
Manage consumption of sodium potassium
Manage consumption of alcoholic beverages
CHARACTERISTICS OF NUTRITIOUS DIET
: It provides enough calories, essentials nutrients and fiber to keep a person healthy
: Foods are chosen to provide calories or any particular food or nutrient
: It avoids excessive amounts of calories or any particular food or nutrient
: It means that you eat a wide selection of foods to get the necessary nutrients.
DESCRIBE THE FACTORS INFLUENCING FOOD SELECTION
: The most IMPORTANT factors which have a great influence on choosing one type of food over another.
: Cultural influences changes constantly when someone travels or move to a region or country which has a different culture
ECONOMIC STATUS & FOOD COST
: The cost of food and the socio-economic status are related and when it comes to food choices.
: When a person or someone is diagnosed with certain diseases, they need to take extra care about their nutritional and lifestyle habits.
CATEGORIES OF NUTRIENTS AND EXAMPLES
: The main energy supplier to the body. Examples: dried beans, peas, fruits, vegetables & whole grain bread
: Protein functions in regulating the process in the body and is a source of energy. Good sources of
: beef, chicken, fish, eggs, milk, and cheese. The sources of
protein in plants
: cereals, legumes, and vegetables.
: Fat provides more energy to body cells. They are found in butter, margarine, vegetable oils, and mayonnaise
VITAMIN AND MINERALS
: There are 13 types of vitamins in the diet and have 2 different types of soluble-vitamins, which are fat-soluble vitamins & water-soluble vitamins. Examples: fruits, vegetables, cereals, meats, and dairy products
Water is essential to life. The average is to drink around 8 glasses of water