Integrated-skills Approach: Teaching vs. Practice in L2 Acquisition…
Integrated-skills Approach: Teaching vs. Practice in L2 Acquisition
Chen (2002) contends that “it is impossible to teach reading without the extensive use of writing, speaking, and listening”, and that “students can benefit from practicing all of the language skills in integrated, meaningful and communicative ways”.
Communicative Language Teaching Theory (CLT)
The primary goal of CLT:
To develop communicative competence and to make use of real-life situations that necessitate communication.
linguistic competence ➡️ “knowing how to use the grammar, syntax, and vocabulary of a language”
socio-linguistic competence➡️ concerns the specific words and phrases that fit a specific setting and topic, the extent to which the learner can express a specific attitude (courtesy, authority, friendliness, and respect)
discourse competence➡️the larger context, and how to instruct longer stretches of language so the parts make up a coherent whole.
strategic competence➡️ recognise and repair communication breakdowns, work around gaps in his knowledge of the language, and learn more about the language and in the context.
CLT includes eight methodologies or principles that embrace an eclectic approach to teaching:
Using tasks as an organizational principle
Promoting learning by doing
Serving input needs to be meaningful, comprehensible, and elaborated
Promoting cooperative and collaborative learning
Focusing on form
Providing effective error feedback
Recognizing and respecting affective factors of learning.
Linguistic Competence vs. Communicative Competence:
Linguistic Competence Chomsky (1965):
“the ability to use language in a social context”
“ to observe sociolinguistic norms of appropriateness”
Savignon (2002) a classroom model(figure 1)➡️hypothetical integration of the four components of communicative competence: grammatical (or linguistic) competence, discourse competence, strategic competence, and sociocultural competence
Segregated vs. Integrated Approach:
The philosophy of the ‘integrated-skills approach’ (ISA) was derived from the notion that in natural, day-to-day experience, “oral and written languages are not kept separate and isolated from one another” (Su, 2007).
Application of Integrated-skills Approach: CMRBA Strategy📎📎📎This strategy aims to relating cause to result based on means, and assisting the students to analyze the final product of the task (Abdrabo, 2013, pp. 54-57).
Step 1: To enhance listening and reading skills
Step 2: To enhance speaking skill
Step 3: To enhance Writing skill and Analysis
Nishonova Charos 401 A