The Three Body Systems By: Júlia and Sofia (Urinary system (Main Parts:…
The Three Body Systems By: Júlia and Sofia
The function of the urinary system is to eliminate waste from the body, regulate blood volume and blood pressure, control levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulate blood pH.
kidney, nephrons, ureter, bladder, urethra
The kidney's job is to filter the blood, remove nitrogenous wastes, remove water and salt and to regulate blood pressure, volume and PH.
The nephron is a tiny filter that stays in each the kidney.
The ureter is a tube that the urine travels to get to the bladder.
The bladder holds urine, controlling the flow.
The urethra is a tube that connects the bladder to the outside, so the urine could be removed from the body.
Immune system are biological structures that protects against disease by identifying and killing pathogens and tumour cells.
skin, cilia and mucus, saliva, the stomach acid, white blood cells, phagocytes, T-cells,
The outer layers of skin that are dead, are know as epidermis, forms a shield to kill potential invaders.
Cilia and mucos:
Cilia has the structure of hair to sweep the mucus into the throat for coughing or swallowing, and Mucos are released from cells to trap dirt particles.
The Saliva contains many chemicals
that break down bacteria.
Swallowed bacteria are broken down by incredibly strong acids in the stomach that break down your food.
White blood cells:
When invaders get within the body, your white blood cells begin their attack.
These white blood cells are responsible for eating foreign particles by engulfing them.
T-Cells recognize infected human
cells and cancer cells, to attack and kill them.
the brain, the spinal cord, and the nerves
The Cerebrum is made up of the Frontal Lobe, Parietal Lobe, Temporal Lobe, and the Occipital Lobe. It is responsible for controlling thought, directs movement, emotions, speech, responses of stimuli, audition, vision, and others.
Maintains the balance in the body and controls voluntary movement of muscles.
Pons and Medulla Oblongata
: It is in the brain, but connected to the spinal cord. Controls involuntary areas in the body, such as breathing, food digestion, maintenance of heart rate, blood pressure, and others.
Through an electrochemical process, it carries information across the body.
receive information, give information to the body, and react to environment changes.
The main relation between the Nervous System, The Urinary System, and The Immune System is that they must all work together in order to maintain homeostasis.
The Immune and Urinary System
The immune and urinary system are related because when the urinary system releases possible harmful substances from the body, it prevents the person from potentially being sick, helping the immune system.
The Urinary and The Nervous System
The urinary and the nervous system are connected because there is a portion in the brain called the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus controls when certain hormones should be secreted. In that way, there is one hormone that sends a signal to the kidney for it to absorb more water. Consequently, the body fluid levels are regulated. Also, when the person's bladder is full, the nervous system helps the person's body control the time where they want to urinate.
The Nervous and The Immune System
The nervous and immune system are related because the nervous system sends messages to the immune system when there is an unknown thing inside the body.
Also, innate immunity is regulated by the nervous system.