Engaging with information and research (Ten source quality indicators (1)…
Engaging with information and research
Understanding the information source types
Descriptor: Original information on the subject presented in its original form. First-hand evidence or accounts of the subject or events at the time
Usually discovers original research and new discoveries or information
May have no interpretation or commentary
Examples: These,research-based journal articles, research-based government reports,and conferences. Page 241 for more info
Descriptor: Information that has been created by others in the field as they summaries, interpret or reorganize information and ideas to add value to evidence presented in primary source.
Examples: textbooks,Handbooks,edited books,essay,review articles. PP 241 for more
Descriptor: Used to organise,collate and locate primary and secondary information sources
Dictionary's, encyclopedia, Wikipedia, page 241 for more
Information landscape for business professionals
As a professional in your work you will have the opportunity to access and seek sources for different purposes. Which is referred to as Information Landscape.
In business, the information landscape includes information produced by a range of stake holders, such as academic, business professionals, and government agencies.
Filter bubbles and echo chambers
Filter bubbles is when a topic or entertainment you have been watching or researching becomes more available in your search. For example, if you looked up cute dogs on YouTube. more videos will come up just like it. this is bad for it only gives you what you have searched up and not necessarily what you need.
Echo chambers is when the people are exposed to information that only reinforces what they believe and not what might actually be right.
Information selection and evaluation process p.p 252-260
Who is the intended audiences
What bias the author may bring to the information they create
The balances of the key messages the author sends
Stage 1: The first step is identifying what your need for information is and what the best information types will be able to meet that need.
Stage 2:Once you have determined the kind of information you need, you have to find and access it. Knowing the type of information you want will guide you to get the best searches to get you started.
Stage 3:Once you start searching for information, you will need to effectively evaluate the information you find to determine its quality, authority, credibility, and relevance to your information need. For more information check out pp 254-258
Stage 4: Once you have found information for your chosen tasks, you need to determine the best way to use the information to meet your objective and information need
Ten source quality indicators
1) Context: what is the context of the information?
Ask questions like which community or country does the information come from?
for example, if a study was done on mental health in the USA would that study be relevant to Australia? The cultural differences can also change some aspects of the study making only half the research relevant.
2) Intended audience: What is the purpose of the information?
Why has the information been written or created the way it has? Can you determine who the information is created for? Is the information relevant to your audiences? is the people underline in that study come into the same category as the people you underline.
3) Authority: Who created the Information?
What are the credentials that determine their expertise? Are the authors well known in the field or proffession? you need to determine whether the person creating the information can be considered knowledgeable on the topics
4)Credibility: What makes the information credible and trustworthy?
Anyone can create a website in this day and age and as a result the source may be untrustworthy. Thus, verifying information in someway will eliminate sources that are less likely to be credible. Consider the credibility of where the information is accessed?
5) Currency: what is the currency of the information?
You want to make sure that you are accessing and engaging the most relevant resources. for up to date information you would look at a date and ask your self is it up to date? to know if it is up-to-date most people look at information from the last 10 years, however, some prefer the last 5 years.
6) Structure and logic: how easy is the information to navigate and understand?
Useful information is usually logically organized and the links between sections or the information in the differences section tend to contradict each other, then consider whether the information source meets your needs. ask yourself whether the source helps you understand your topic; valuable information will leave you will more answer than questions.
7) Place published: where is the information published?
When finding your sources you might be asked where you had found it. your reply should be the exact name of the website or organization no the online.
Find out who the company, publisher, or website is? are they reliable? check to see whether the information was published by a well-known journal and not a low credible one.
check to see if the blogs are personal musing that are opinion-focused or are objective and created by professionals in the field, providing key information on best practice that has been determined through research and experiences
8) Bias: what is the opinion of the author and how had that opinion been formed? For more see PP 256-257
Consider the bias of the author and context.Much information is created to help persuade the audiences to consider alternative positions or to take side in a debate.
9) Evidence: does the author use references that are cited and acknowledged appropriately. for more PP 257
Consider whether the topic is covered in depth and represented by the balanced arguments.Also consider the references. is the references cited reliable? acknowledged?
10) relevance: does the information add meaning and insight to your research or understanding of the topic?
If you are reading the same idea in multiple sources , then this suggests everyone is understanding the issue in similar ways? you may also come across a new perceptive or approach, somewhat more innovative than the other information, and if the back ground, authority and credibility are good, then these kinds of information sources are worth exploring.