EVOLUTION OF EDUCATIONAL THINKING (Ancient Education ( Greek…
EVOLUTION OF EDUCATIONAL THINKING
Greek Pedagogical Thought, the ideal of Greek education was not professionalism in the arts, but enjoyment and participation. Athenian education was more literary than religious. Greek ideals gave rise to a comprehensive concept of education.
The ideals of Jesus. It has a great influence on the pedagogical history of the west.
Roman education his ideal was to cultivate manhood and self-control. Individualism was not tolerated.
The origin of the public school. Older education systems had two common characteristics: They taught religion and upheld and upheld the traditions of the people. In ancient Egypt, temple schools taught not only religion but mathematical science, architecture, and principles of writin
The middle ages and the Renaissance
The weak point of medieval education was its lack of interest in the experimental sciences. Truth seen as an absolute standard, heresy was not tolerated.
The classic ideal of humanistic education represented a way of life based on the moderation and enjoyment of this world.
The pedagogical ideals of the Renaissance represent a new stage in human culture.
The advantage of the new System lay in its enthusiasm for the classics.
The Renaissance and the Modern age
Juan Comenio was an educational reformer. Commenio was essentially optimistic. His life story was overshadowed by persecution and he had to experience the terrible effects of the Thirty Years' War Most of the teachers of his time subjected their students to a rigid discipline. This attitude seemed deplorable to Comenius, who compared the child to a plant, whose growth and progress should be fostered with care and affection.
Luther's education and Reformation preceded centuries of agitation by heretical groups such as Waldenses and Albinens and was brought about by economic, social, and religious causes. The main object of university education was
spiritual: preparing candidates for the clergy.
The importance of the new science. Man must think for himself and the teacher must be a model of independent thought. Education therefore implies a continuous reconstruction of knowledge
Overview of Eastern Ideas In China, Confucianism was an obstacle to carrying out adequate educational reforms, as well as to the introduction of new ways of life and new methods of government.
The Current Age
Meaningful Learning: According to Ausubel, a psychologist who has tried to explain how individuals learn from verbal material, both spoken and written.
: The most important knowledge is the knowledge of oneself.
: School education has the mission of ensuring that students learn all kinds of procedures that allow them to learn on their own in the present and in the future. The assimilation of knowledge is deeper when an activity is carried out that incorporates that knowledge.
Meaningful Learning: The plural and fair school A Solidarity School.Discipline by conviction.
An active school.