4th Judicial Branch (Supreme Court) (Court System (Court of appeals (13…
4th Judicial Branch (Supreme Court)
Lower Federal Court are divided over cases which they have jurisdiction or authority
Each state has 1 of the 94 district courts
3 district court judges in Montana
Court of appeals
13 courts of appeal in United States
If someone is convicted of a crime and they thought it was not fair they can take the court case here.
The judges can uphold the decision of the lower court and the outcome stands or they can be retired at the lower court.
Each has a panel of judges to decide if cases were tried appropriately.
The losing side of any court of appeals can appeal to this court.
Supreme Court Justices
9 Justices sit on court.
No specific requirements to become a justice
Serve for life to avoid political ties
Checks and balances
Checks on executive branch: May declare executive acts unconstitutional
Checks on legislative branch: May declare laws unconstitutional.