Populist Leaders Vargas & Peron (Rise to Power (Vargas ( He…
Populist Leaders Vargas & Peron
Rise to Power
He represented his state and was made finance minister in 1926.
Vargas became involved early on in politics and the fraudulent use of voles.
Part of a conspiracy along with Military officers to overthrow Luis and create a new constitution. Luis was removed and Vargas placed in 1930.
Began to centralize power by appointing new state governors who answers directly to him.
Grupo de Oficiales Unidos came together after the military split.
Consolidation of Power
Appealed to the nationalists by promoting the nationalization of industries in Brazil
No more tenente movement (opposition)
Federal Government imposed crackdown on leftists- arrests, torture, summary trials
Justicialismo-ideology that promised social justice and public welfare
Encouraged strikes and gov't would settle issues in favor of workers
Eva Peron developed a loyal following with her charming charisma
Political opposition demoralized
Use of Power/Style/Policies
inspired by Salazar's Portugal and Mussolini's Italy
organized and strengthening marketing cartels
New State enterprises like National Motor Factory
New labor code- corporatism policy- federal executive had control over economy
Populist approach in 2nd and 3rd presidency
Authoritarian/fascist approach in 1st presdential term
Fall from Power
Millitary officer was accidently killed which called for resignation from the military.
He committed suicide and left a suicide speech.
Eva Peron died in 1952
He began to court foreign investors when the treasury ran out of money.
He became Anti-church
He resigned from power and went on an exile in Spain for 17 years.
He was too old when re-elected and died in power in 1974.