Juan Peron - Sayyida Attawala & Tobi Poole (Use of Power (utilized…
Juan Peron - Sayyida Attawala & Tobi Poole
Rise to Power
Peron led el Grupo de Oficiales Unidos (GOU) and promoted social change admired Francos' Spain, and disdained democracy
was Minister of Labor, Peron united weak, disparate worker unions to achieve better for them, and promised entrepreneurs he would control them, endorsed women's suffrage; hence, a populist.
led coups against Castillo who was replaced by President Farrell.
elected VP (1946-50)
Peron was arrested after the Farrell-Peron government ended in October 1945, the people called for Peron and he was elected as president in 1946,elected President June 4, 1946
Consolidation of Power
Cultivated a political constituency among Argentina’s male workforce
Mass purchasing power and promotion process of industrialization
Established minimum wage for piecework produced in the home by women
State system of pensions and health benefits
Secured the enactment of protective legislation to increase women’s access to education and improve their wages and working conditions
In return for real gains, unions lost independence and became part of state-controlled apparatus in peron’s hands
dictates political life of Argentina through the command of his armed forces
helped Peron gain votes from women and descamisados
led protests of working class to defend Peron
first lady to Peron during presidency
death in 1952 contributed to Peron's downfall
convinced Peron to give women suffrage
forced companies to give job security: workers and union leaders became peronistsas.
Use of Power
Use state power to revive
Export sector produced large surpluses in the balance of payments, making available funds for industrialization
Labor party to mobilize the working class
Created considerable opposition both in military and landed oligarchy
Nationalized railroads and public utilities and created powerful state-owned companies that dominated local shipping, steel and banking industries
utilized mass rallies and the radio to recount his official events and demonstrate his support among masses
force all interest groups into government
gave citizens direct representation within legislatures
His 5YP of foreign investments and social justice worked; agriculture to industry from 1930s-60s; wanted to win industrialists with high tariffs
Treatment of opposition: censorship, secret police, stopped student demonstrations, controlled the judiciary by appointing peronistas.
inflation: treasury running of money from the WWII: workers' increased wages + decreased treasury = growing inflation.
Fall from Power
Second Fall from Power
died in 1974
First Fall from Power
was excommunicated from the Pope when he took an Anti-Church stance
The Navy revolted in 1955, so he resigned and left for exile in Spain
Eva Peron's death and increased opposition from the workforce and political parties led to his downfall and loss of public support