Judicial Branch(SUPREME COURT) (Court System (Court of Appeals (13 courts…
Judicial Branch(SUPREME COURT)
Court of Appeals
13 courts of appeals
9th Circuit court-San Francisco, CA
If someone is convicted of a crime and they thought it wasn't fair they can take the case here.
The judges can uphold the decisions of the lower court and the outcome stands or they can be retried.
Each has a panel of judges to decide if cases were tried appropriately.
Lower federal courts are divided on cases over which they have jurisdiction or authority over.
Each state has 1 of the 94 district courts
Billings, Butte, Helena, Great Falls, Missoula
The losing side of the appeals court can appeal to this court.
1,000's are submitted but only about 100 can be tried.
Supreme Court Justices
There are no specific requirements to become a justice
Serve for life to avoid political ties
Checks on Legislative Branch
May declare laws unconstitutional
Checks on Executive Branch
May declare executive actions unconstitutional
Note: They don't check on themselves!