Assumptions About the Nature of Time and Space (The structure of culure…
Assumptions About the Nature of Time and Space
The structure of culure consists in how we orient ourselves toward our physical and human environment
ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT TIME
When people differ in their experience of time, problems typically emerge
BASIC TIME ORIENTATION
At a level of organization there are companies oriented to
The Near Future
The distant future
MONOCHRONIC & POLYCHRONIC TIME
Infinitely divisible linear ribbon that can be divided into appointments and other compartments bit within which only one thing can be done at a time.
Defined by what is accompliched than by a clock and within which several things can be done simultaneously
PLANNING OR DEVELOPMENTAL TIME
Planning time seeks closure.
Development time is open ended process and can extend far into the future.
-Time horizons differ by function, occupation, and rank.Time horizons means the period of time is usually needed to copmlete a task.
Be patient and persistent. things will eventually work out
SYMMETRY OF TEMPORAL ACTIVITIES
The temporal contect within which group work are obviously relevant to how groups will perform and will be the source of frustration.
ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT SPACE
DISTANCE AND RELATIVE PLACEMENT
Placement of oneself in relation to others symbolizes status.
6 - 18 IN
18 - 30 IN
7 - 12 FT
12 - 25 FT
SYMBOLICS OF SPACE
How wpace can determine ranks or levels
Gestures, body position, and other cues can communicate our sense of what is going on in a situatton and how we relate to other person
TIME SPACE AND ACTIVITY INTEGRATION
Even time and space elements are important to be coordinated at the same time linking its elements, for example a monochtromatic person can have a better efficiency if his space is more limited.
Polychromatic time in contrast requires spatial arrangements that make it easy for simultaneous events to occur,