Chapter 5.1: Health and Lifestlye (Physical Benefits of Exercise (Injury -…
Chapter 5.1: Health and Lifestlye
Physical Benefits of Exercise
Injury - exercise can help to heal injuries and enables the body to retain fitness levels, reducing risks of future injury
Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) - less likely to suffer from CHD. Exercise keeps blood and heart healthy
Blood pressure - Exercise helps to keep blood pressure at normal levels (can reduce high pressures).
Bone density - exercise can increase bone density, making the bones stronger meaning they are less likely to be damaged
Obesity - exercise reduces risk of obesity. Ensures energy and calories taken in by the body are used and burnt off and not deposited in organs.
Posture - more likely to be normal, there will be fewer problems with muscles in the back.
Fitness - more active you are, the fitter you are likely to be; will have more energy for everyday life.
Increases the efficiency of some body systems.
Emotional benefits of Exercise
Self-esteem/confidence - Can help you feel better about yourself and in the way you look. Releases feel good hormones (e.g. serotonin) ; achieving of fitness goals.
Stress Management - stresses of everyday life can be forgotten or released in exercise.
Reduced tension levels
Image - More likely to have a good self-image, feel you look good to others.
Can increase productivity; control of emotions
Social Benefits of Exercise
Friendship - sport helps people to make friends, improved levels of self esteem.
Belonging to a group - sense of belonging, e.g. in a team or in a club.
Loneliness - Gives a lot of opportunity to meet and interact with other participants. Collective identity, less likely to be isolated.
Life skills can be learnt - e.g. working in teams, communication, etc.
Health and Well-being
Made up of physical, social and mental health and well-being.
means body systems are working well and the individual is free from injury or illness
a state of well-being in which every individual realises his or her own potential’
basic human needs being met (food, shelter and clothing). Basic human needs usually extends to include friendships, support and minimising stress.
defined as 'the ability to meet the demands of the environment' or being able to carry out everyday activities with little fatigue. Fitness relates to how physically demanding life is. Therefore, a person doing an office job requires lower levels of physical fitness than an Olympic athlete.
Benefits of improving fitness
Improve ability to cope with day-to-day demands
Less Likely to get injured
Easier to complete physical tasks
You can still become unwell, even if you are very fit.
Ill health can negatively affect fitness.
An increase in fitness will not always stop you from becoming ill, so your health can still suffer.
Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well being, as well as being free from illness and injury..
Increased risk of coronary heart disease.
Increased blood pressure.
Can Lead to type 2 diabetes.
Can Lead to poor posture.
Causes low bone density (weak bones).
Leads to greater injury risk
Could cause depression.
Can lead to anxiety.
Causes a loss of confidence and low self-esteem.
Can make a person feel worthless and like they can’t contribute to society.
Can lead to someone not wanting to socialise and loneliness.
Could make a person feel as though they can't leave their home.
A person could feel self-conscious about how they look. This can make them feel uncomfortable in social situations.
of sedentary lifestyles
High blood pressure
This can cause strokes and heart attacks.
Hypertension is caused by smoking, drinking alcohol, lack of exercise and a poor diet.
Heart disease - A person is more likely to suffer from coronary heart disease if they smoke or have a poor diet.
Low bone density
Regular exercise helps keep bones thick and strong.
A sedentary lifestyle can cause bones to become weak and brittle, and more likely to become injured.
A sedentary lifestyle can also lead to bad posture.
More likely to become injured - As a result of low bone density and lack of muscle use and repair, people who have a sedentary lifestyle are more likely to injure themselves when they do any physical activity
Weight gain - If a person has an unbalanced diet (takes in more calories than they burn), they will gain weight and can eventually become obese.
More likely to have type 2 diabetes