Weiner's Model of Attribution (Classified into two dimensions (Locus…
Weiner's Model of Attribution
Attribution Theory: It’s Not Whether You Win or Lose, It’s How You Place the Blame
Attribution theory is a concept involved in sports psychology that investigates what people attribute their successes and failures to.
For example: Tiger Wood would attribute a tournament win to his ability, determination and mental toughness.
In contrast, a new gym member who has lead a sedentary lifestyle and has low self confidence might see any success they achieve as being lucky.
Locus of Causality
refers to whether the cause is inside (
) or outside (
) the person
EFFORT and ABILITY represent internal factors
TASK DIFFICULTY and LUCK are external and are known as environmental variables
refers to whether the cause will (
) or will not (
) change over time
A stable factor is considered permanent and unchangeable
An Unstable factor, by contrast, is temporary and can be changed.
Same client who lost 5kg attributed this result to luck or another external factor such as their personal trainer, they will feel
show gratitude towards their trainer.
They will still lack self belief and will still be expecting to fail at some point
When a client loses 5kg and attributes it to hard work and dedication on their part they will feel proud, have
more confidence in their ability
to achieve their long term goals and be
satisfied with their gym experience.
Lead to increased adherence to their exercise programme