New Zealand Timeline of Indigenous Treaties and Acts with the most impact,…
New Zealand Timeline of Indigenous Treaties and Acts with the most impact
1835: The Declaration of Independan
Signed by many northern chiefs, this document stood up for the independence of New Zealand. It was planned to "meet in congress" at Waitangi each autumn to frame laws.
1840: Treaty of Waitangi
This treaty gives the sovereignty to the queen of England.
It guarantees the Maori:
Undisturbed land possession
Estates for fisheries and other properties
Provides "all the rights and privileges of British subjects"
1862: The Natives Land Act
Established the Native Land Court to investigate tiles of Maori Land which in turn made them able to "convert their land from customary or ‘"native" title to Crown-granted or freehold title."
1863: The New Zealand Settlement Act
Authorized the government to confiscate land from tribes without compensation for colonization in the Northern Island of New Zealand
1953: The Maori Affairs Act
It essentially "forced unproductive" Maori Land into use through a trustee system which allowed some flexibility in land management.
1993: The Maori Land Act (Revised)
Reformed laws regarding Maori land and replacing the act from 1953. Now under the act , the Maori Land Court has jurisdiction to consider claims relating to the status and ownership of Māori land
THE ROYAL PROCLAMATION OF 1763
Issued by King George III, it was made not only to establish the basis for governing the surrendered North American territories, it set the essential structure for the negotiation of treaties.
1867: British North America Act
Created by the Dominion of Canada, in section 91(24), it gave the parliament of Canada exclusive jurisdiction over indigenous peoples and their lands reserved for them
1876: Indian Act
A Canadian Federal Law that governs Indian status, bands, and Indian reserves as it also authorizes the Canadian federal government to regulate and administer in the affairs and day to day lives of registered Indians and reserves
1969: The White Paper
A policy paper that proposed ending the legal relationship between Aboriginals and the state and dismantling the Indian act.
Section 35, Constitution Act 1982
An Act that recognizes and affirms existing Aboriginal Rights, but does not define them with also recognizing that Aboriginals are "existing".
Canada Timeline of Indigenous Treaties and Acts with the most impact