25.3/4 Industrialization concept map. (Benefits of industrialization…
25.3/4 Industrialization concept map.
Conditions that lead to Industrialization
The United States had running water for a power source, and it also had other natural resources that were necessary such as coal and iron ore. The U.S. also had a supply of workers.
We see a consistent movement of immigrants coming to northern states looking for work in factories.
America, going into 1800s, had political stability and a well-developed structure.
The United States had a vast coastline, which gave them access to international trading activity.
In other words, they had everything that Britain had when they started the process
The War of 1812 (American VS. Britain) helped to further promote the industrial process because America had previously gotten supplies from Britain, but because they were they were at war, Britain cut them off.
This encouraged America
effects of the industrilization
The creation of power machines and factories provided many new job opportunities. The new machinery increased production speed of good and gave people the ability to transport raw materials. Industrialization also lead to urbanization. Urbanization is the movement of people into cities and city building.
Factors that lead to Americas Great expansion.
Railroad- In the mid to late 1800s, Americans began to construct thousands of miles of railroad tracks interconnecting all of the regions economically.
The United States had inventions like the telephone and the light bulb (which were both created in the 1870s).
There was a technological boom- Samuel Slater, Moses Brown, and Francis Cabot Lowell were involved in textiles and all promoted the industrial process.
The U.S. harnessed the oil industry and the steel industry.
Most American billionaires today got their money from the oil industry.
Expansion of industry throughout europe in the 1800s.
The expansion of industry throughout Europe could be characterized as slow.
Therefore, most European nations didn't begin the industrialization process until the early to mid 1800s, and some nations didn't even begin until the late 1800s. Some countries ended up being a century behind Britain in the industrial progress. We can see discrepancies through industrialized power and nonindustrialized weakness.
The Countries that Industrialized First after Britain and the United States:
Germany- which mostly focused on the development of military industrialization. Germany was interested in knowing what the British knew. (At one point, Britain banned industrial information from leaving the country so that other countries would not get the information. It became illegal to share blueprints for technology.) The Germans sent children to get information from Britain, return, and inform them.
France- Louis Napoleon brought industrialization to France.
Shift of world power during and after the industrialization.
The gap between the powerful and the weak widens and hugely ended up in the industrialized countries growing in power- a lot of times at the expense of the non-industrialized countries.
Global competition and global inequality on unprecedented level grew.
Industrialized nations began to use non-industrialized nations for their natural resources and people to sell products to. These industrialized nations conquered almost all of Africa and Asia.
Benefits of industrialization
Even more advancements and improvements in agriculture (more food) were made.
The production and availability of products continued to increase; there was a variety in products as people bought more of them.
Developments in communication were continued
The creation of economic power and new wealth grew.
(This is why we have a strong middle class- The middle class grows in numbers and strength as all of the new jobs we can have grow. Prior to industrialization, you had very few people in the upper class, some in middle class, but the majority in the lower class. People in the lower class were able to move to the middle class because of industrialization)
Modern medicine and innovation kept improving. With these improvements, people were able to keep more people alive, which resulted in a bigger population.
The middle class ended up working on expanding educational and democratic opportunities.
Comfort and ease
economic system of privately owned businesses seeking profits. this involves investment and risk. this helps bring about the industrial revolution