Karl Marx introduced the world to a radical type of socialism called Marxism.Marx believed that the capitalist system, which
produced the Industrial Revolution, would eventually destroy itself.Marx called this final phase pure communism. Marx described communism as a form of complete socialism in which the means of production all land, mines,factories, railroads, and businesses would be owned by the people.Published in 1848, The Communist Manifesto produced few short-term results.
Though widespread revolts shook Europe during 1848 and 1849, Europe’s leaders eventually put down the uprisings. Only after the turn of the centurydid the fiery Marxist pamphlet produce explosive results. In the 1900s, Marxism inspired revolutionaries such as Russia’s Lenin, China’s Mao Zedong, and Cuba’s Fidel Castro.