Lee_Hernandez_Stalin (The Emergence of Stalin’s Authoritarian State (The…
The Emergence of Stalin’s Authoritarian State
The conditions in which Stalin’s authoritarian state emerged
Stalin’s role in the Russian Revolution
Helped Lenin when he was elected from the Bolshevik's party. He ordered the besieged Bolsheviks to surrender to avoid a bloodbath. He was able to rose to General Secretary of the Communist Party.
Stalin as Commissar of Nationalities
During the October Revolution Stalin was appointed as one of the commissar of nationalities - Red Army leader. From 1918 through to the end of 1923 he was able to practice his skills and how to control his power among others.
The Russian Civil War
The Red Army successfully defended the newly formed Bolshevik government against various Russian and interventionist anti-Bolshevik armies. Red vs. White Army.
(red - bolsheviks whites - against bolsheviks)
Lenin made Trotsky Commissar of War and gave him full control in how the Red Army went about its work. While Lenin did the work for the area that the Bolsheviks controlled, Trotsky set about eradicating those who wanted the destroy the Bolsheviks.
Lenin’s early death
April 22,1870 – January 21, 1924
He was the leader of the October Revolution and the first leader and founder of the Soviet Union. He died from an incurable disease of the blood vessels.
Lenin proposed changes to the structure of the Soviet governing bodies
Lenin Enrollment - 1923 to 1925 to enroll more members of the proletariat into the Communist party
about 500,000 were recruited
Permanent Revolution v. Socialism in One State
TROTSKY: PR - gathered the support of the working class worldwide so communist would spread further. Also, will militarize labor and force peasants into collective farming so it would get rid of old attitudes and build a economic base for socialism.
STALIN: SOS - Furthering Russia without outside help to show Western countries what communism was capable of
The War Scare of 1927
A time when the fear the USSR was surrounded by potential enemies. Stalin was able to use this to his advantage, as he could draw power from a common enemy.
Requisitioning and its impact on the peasant population
Since the farmers started to know they seize any grain that they could, including seed grain needed to sow for the following year. This created a vicious cycle of lower grain production and more punitive requisitioning.
The Scissor Crisis
Confronted Soviet Russia in the early to mid 1920
This was between the agricultural production and NEP. The industry became slower in growing whereas other production were a bit more rapid.
War Communism v. NEP
WC: Was a restrictive economic measures by Lenin irradiate capitalist elements and give the Bolsheviks more central control over the economy.
NEP::To replace War Communism with a policy that provided grain
Methods used to establish Stalin’s authoritarian state
Persuastion and Coersion
Helped stalin to develop a foundation and mark the things wrong i need to too.
He used Marxism-Leninism, an ideology of a centralized, planned economy , which was the dictatorship of the proletariat.
The use of force
Stalin had decided a massacred millions of people that were deemed evil of society
The use of Propaganda
used propaganda in order to sway the people in his favor. He gained key supporters through coercion and threats in order to secure his position with ease
Consolidation and Maintenance of Stalin’s Power
Use of legal methods
which judges are obligated to respect the precedent established by prior decisions.
Nature, extent and treatment of opposition
Trotsky was first in line however, when Lenin died, Stalin staged an immediate funeral to prevent Trotsky from attending since he was out of the country to lower his reputation. Lenin also released a statement denouncing Stalin however Stalin's political allies, Kamenev and Zinoviev, successfully defended him
The impact of the success and/or failure of foreign policy on the maintenance of power
He was able to invade Poland - expansionist foreign policy, relations with other countries. Helped re militarized the Rhinelands.
Aims and Results of Policies
Aims and impact of domestic economic, political, cultural and social policies (i-iv)
He glorified the ways of communism. He planned most of the policies that he would like to take on in order to make the industrialization and country be named for for certain ideas.
collectivization and industrialization came in handy
POLITICAL: Connections between others
show trial that were meant for the public to see so as the purges
SOCIAL: Living style
The branched out topics as it had some successes some didn't really fully conquer