Why was King John such a bad king? (The Argevin Empire (In 1200, John…
Why was King John such a bad king?
The Argevin Empire
In 1200, John marries Isabella who was promised to Hugh of Lusignan. This led to Philip to attack John's French land.
1203 - John goes missing and people blame John.
Phillip || of France supported Arthur (John's nephew) as the rightful rules. John imprisoned Arthur.
John's mother Eleanor of Aquitaine dies. After many knobles refuse to support John.
However, on the death of his brother, he inherited England and the Angevin Empire, which he lost
1204 - Normandy fell to Philip, followed by remaining lands in France
He tried to steal his brother (Richard |) crown.
To pay for the war he greatly increased tax's, adding to his unpopularity.
Born in 1167 - the youngest son on Henry ||. He was called lackland because he wasn't left anything
The Magna Carta - 1215
John is forced to meet the barons at Runnymede. They present him with the Magna Carta, which was a list of their demands
The 63 demands were trying to restrict the power of the king:
The king was to leave the church alone.
People were entitled to a fair trial.
Punishments must fit the crime.
Couldn't raise the taxes without the knobles permission
The nobles formed an army against John and marched to London
John had no intentions of keeping his promises. As a result a civil war followed. He managed to lose the crown jewels when trying to cross the Wash in East Anglia. He caught dysentery and died in 1216
John was forced to sign a peace treaty with Philip ||. For many nobles this was the first straw.
John believed that he had total control over the church of England
1205 - The archbishop of Canterbury dies.
Pope Innocent ||| chooses Stephen Langton. John refuses.
The pope ex-communicates John in 1209.
This upsets many English people,as they are told they can no longer go to Heaven.
The pope then encourages Phillip || to invade England.
1213 - John gives in and accepts Langton. He also swears fealty to the pope