Evolution of Thought Educational (Scholastics and Universities (The…
Evolution of Thought
Greek Pedagogical Thought
Athens, pedagogical ideals were influenced by the social structure
The ideal of Greek education was not professionalism in the arts, but enjoyment and participation.
Athenian education was more literary than
The Roman Education
The ideal of Roman education was to cultivate manhood and self-control.
The ideals of Jesus
Jesus' pedagogical ideals are based on his moral principles.
The pedagogical lesson of Jesus is that we must cultivate the individual, and this requires more than verbal devotion.
Origin of Public School
The public school originates at the moment of the consolidation of the State, that is to say, the absolute monarchies disappear and the republics are established
Scholastics and Universities
The medieval universities were organized as corporations, and they were more concerned with scholarship than with buildings
The most outstanding problem of education in the 13th century revolved around the intellectual revolution
Education and the Reformation (by Lutero)
While, in the Middle Ages, schools were under the control of the Church, Luther held that they should be governed by the State.
He also urged the princes of his time to force parents to send their children to school.
The Pedagogical Ideals of the Renaissance
The Renaissance represents a new stage in human culture.
According to Rabelais, the key to education is "do what you want"
Importance of New Science
The emergence of strong nation states created sufficient stability and order to ensure scientific progress.
The assimilation of a knowledge is more profound when an activity that incorporates that knowledge is executed.
Adaptation to Social Reality
The configuration of teaching as a social construction generates a complex problem, which is aggravated because everyone, professionals and laymen, can have an opinion on how the school should function