10Commerce - The Legal System: People and Institutions (politicians…
10Commerce - The Legal System: People and Institutions
Parliament responds to pressures (lobbying, petitions, demonstrations etc.) to make new laws or change existing laws.
These laws are binding on all courts and judges.
It can make new laws and change existing ones.
Parliament is our main law-making institution.
They also prevent and investigate crime, protect life and property, and maintain peace and order.
Police assist in the prosecution of suspected offenders.
Police do not make the laws; they only enforce the laws.
There are rules that outline police powers and how they do their job.
Most courts are open courts; people may enter and listen to the case.
Judges have the ability to create law through the decisions they make when hearing a case: an act of precedent.
Court officials are responsible for the administration of the court and the efficient running of a case.
Courts settle disputes according to strict rules of evidence and procedure.
They represent their clients and conduct their cases at a court hearing. This is their advocacy role.
Lawyers (solicitors and barristers) provide legal advice and assistance.
Their duty is to argue a case in the best interests of their clients.
A person legally committed to prison as a
punishment for a crime or while awaiting trial.
Prisons hold people convicted of a crime.