Sometimes, a wave does not bounce back after encountering a new medium. Instead, the wave continues moving forward. When a wave enters a new medium at an angle, it bends, or refracts. This occurs because waves travel at different speeds in different mediums. Because the wave enters the new medium at an angle, one side of the wave enters the new medium before the rest of the wave. When this side speeds up or slows down before the other side, it causes the wave to bend.