The Legal System - People And Institutions (Prisons (A building in which…
The Legal System - People And Institutions
A body of people presided over by a judge, judges, or magistrate, and acting as a tribunal in civil and criminal cases
Courts settle disputes according to strict
rules of evidence and procedure.
Court officials are responsible for the administration of the court and the efficient running of a case
Judges have the ability to create law through the decisions they make when hearing a case: an act of precedent
Most courts are open courts; people may
enter and listen to the case.
It can make new laws and change existing ones
These laws are binding on all courts and judges
Parliaments are the main law-making institions
Parliaments responds to pressures (lobbying, petitions, demonstrations etc.) to make new laws or change existing laws
Legal advisors are lawyers who are employed by the government, large companies and other organisations to provide legal advice and services to the organisation and its employees
Lawyers (solicitors and barristers)
provide legal advice and assistance
They represent their clients and conduct their cases at a court hearing. This is their advocacy role
Their duty is to argue a case in the
best interests of their clients.
The civil force of a state, responsible for the prevention and detection of crime and the maintenance of public order
They also prevent and investigate crime, protect life and property, and maintain peace and order
Police do not make the laws; they
only enforce the laws
Police assist in the prosecution of
There are rules that outline police
powers and how they do their job.
A building in which people are legally held as a punishment for a crime they have committed or while awaiting trial
Prisons hold people convicted of a crime
Prison staff manage the prison
All offenders must be given the opportunity of rehabilitation
xImprisonment — loss of freedom — is the harshest form of
punishment that can be imposed.