Week 7-8 (11.2 Comparatives and superlatives (Comparative adjectives are…
11.2 Comparatives and superlatives
Comparative adjectives are used to compare two nouns
Use comparatives only when you have two people or two things to compare.
Comparatives are formed in one of two ways: By adding -er or by putting more in front of the adjective
Generally short words become comparative with -er and longer ones with more,.
Some adjectives, including the common ones good, bad, far, little, and much, have irregular comparatives and superlatives
Superlatives are formed in a similar way to comparative: by adding -est or by putting most in front of the adjective
Superlative adjectives are used to show the most adjective item in a group. These are the best, worst, biggest, smallest, most whatever noun you have
Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs, usually answering questions of time (when?), location (where?), manner(how?), or degree or quality (how much?).
Adverbs are often formed by adding -ly to an adjective, but not all advers end in -ly and not all words ending in -ly are adverbs
Some words have the same forms for adjectives and adverbs. Occasionally an adjective generates two adverb forms with different meanings
Like adjectives, adverbs can have comparative and superlative forms. The vast majority of comparative and superlative adverbs formed with more and most thought some common ones have specific forms
A piece of advice often given in writing guides is to avoid adverbs or strictly limit them.
11.4 Compound Adjectives
Sometimes two or more words combine to form a compound adjective that expresses a single descriptive concept, such as life-threatening injuries
Compound adjectives are often hyphenated except for adjective-adverb combinations where the adverb ends in -ly
pairings with most adverbs that don't end in -ly do take a hyphen
12.1 Conjunctive Adverbs
This type of adverb helps provide a transition between two ideas. It can start a sentence or join a phrase or a clause to a sentence.
Common conjunctive adverbs are therefore, however, moreover, nevertheless, likewise, thus, and also.
If a conjunctive adverb comes in the middle of a sentence joining two clauses, it's usually preceded by semicolon and followed by a comma
Adjectives describe, or modify, a noun, and usually answer the question "what kind?" or "which one?
They usually come before a noun, But they can be part of a predicate with a linking verb, or even come after a noun.
11.5 Indefinite Adjectives
Indefinite adjectives, similar to indefinite pronouns (few, some, several, many, etc.) or to include or exclude members of a set (all, any, each, every, no, both, etc.
The difference between indefinite pronouns and indefinite adjectives the same word is often used for both-is that the pronouns stand alone and the adjectives come before a noun
12.2 Sentence Adverbs
Some adverbs come at the beginning of a sentence and modify the whole sentence. They are usually followed by a comma