Feminism is for Everybody bell hooks (What counts as feminist political…
Feminism is for Everybody bell hooks
What counts as feminist political work?
Feminist education for children; redoing curriculum and public education. "Children's literature etc" (23); start early because we have less to deprogram.
"In those days most of us had been socialized by parents and society to accept sexist thinking. We had not taken the time to figure out the roots of our perceptions. Feminist thinking and feminist theory urged us to do that" (19)--socialized is more environmental and holistic--teaching is more direct. The subtle and pervasive socializing: it's everywhere and nowhere
"Feminists are made, not born" (7)--
"The abortion issue captured the attention of mass media because it really challenged the fundamentalist thinking of Christianity. It directly challenged the notion that a woman's reason for existing was to bear children" (27).
class and abortion safety/contraception. "In those days, poor women, black women included, often sought illegal abortions" (26)
if you're anti-choice, you can't be pro-feminist. That doesn't mean you have to have an abortion, but if you. "The anti-choice movement is fundamentally anti-feminist" (29)
"If sx education, preventative healthcare, and easy access to contraceptives are offered to every female, fewer of us will have unwanted pregnancies. As a consequence the need for abortions would diminish" (29). CONCRETE POLICY AND GOOAAAAAALS
Feminist Class Struggle
"Privileged women wanted equality with men of their class" (40).
"The only genuine hope of feminist liberation lies with a vision of social change which challenges class elitism" (43). "ending welfare" is not an option
Women at Work!
Beauty within and Without:
we've made some progress and our gen doesn't know the freedom and joy of bra burning (31-2);
"These individuals often harshly critiqued any woman who showed an interest in frillly feminine attire or makeup. Most of us were excited to have options." (32) -- feminists must be "ugly", also women policing other women's options
"women had to demand that the fashion industry created different styles of clothing" (32)
this is about self worth and loving your damn self and the dangers of eating disorders "females could never be liberated if we don't have healthy self-esteem or self-love" (6)
hooks trying to reteach folks what they got wrong about feminism: "It occurred to me that I should write an easy to read book that would explain feminist thinking and encourage folks to embrace feminist politics" (ix)
feminism as only for well-educated women (makes itself exclusionary)
it's hard to read academic theory! This is about piquing interest and passion. It's a great start
Myths about feminism:
"anti-male" this is about fighting men, targeting men, make men as the problem
"Simply put, feminism is a movement to end sexism, sexist exploitation, and oppression" (1) sets up sexism as problem. "By naming sexism as the problem it went directly to the heart of the matter" (1)--it's about opening up a broader audience (regardless of sex); women can also be sexist. Everyone needs to be accountable to their actions instead of focusing on one gender.
our own internalized sexism (Moraga and unlearning what we've internalized). How is each individual contributing to this issue
what's after anger?
"By failing to create a mass-based educational movement to teach everyone about feminism we allow mainstream patriarchal mass media to remain the primary place where folks learn about feminism" (23) The patriachal mass media is biased. It's also the master's tool (hi, Lorde)