Intersections and Locations: Crenshaw and Rich (Crenshaw (What is her…
Intersections and Locations: Crenshaw and Rich
What is the problem?
"black women are theoretically erased" (139). And how "this framework imports its own theoretical limitations that undermoine efforst to broaded femininst and antiracist analyses" (139-40)
What is her methodology?
What is her archive/body of evidence?
DeGraffenreid v General Motors: on race OR sex, there are no Black women as a protected class
Moore v Hughes Helicopter: "court fails to understand Black women's claims" race AND sex; "the centrality fo white female experiences in the conceptualization of gender discrimination" (144)
Payne v. Travenol: 2 Black female alleging racism, but then the courts only provided money for Black women, not Black men. "It forces them to choose between specifically articulating or ignoring intersectionality" (148)
What's our way out?
intersectionality: seeing the axis of oppression not as separate, but colliding
radically restructure the legal system--this isn't a cosmetic change
Step 1: recognize those at the intersection.
Step 2: make a politics that start with those at the margins
the traffic analogy (149): shows the multiple directors and multiple agents in discrimination at once; single-issue optics don't see the fault, and while busy trying to find who is responsible, nothing happens
problem: "a struggle for accountability"--recognizes she was/is limited in view, and she is holding herself accountable for that knowledge
stumbling, bumping into panes, exploration/meandering through ideas--doing the internal work and it's not linear and it's not easy
archive/body of evidence
way out: "always blots out what we really need to know: When, where, and under what conditions has the statement been true?" (66) Always is an excuse that hides and excuses oneself instead of investigating and fixing it
recognizing the particularity of subjective experiences (the My Body section 67)