Ottoman vs. Venetians, first significant use of cannons on ships. - kemel Resi (1451-1511), aka. "Chamali", "reis" means Admiral), Turkish privateer, defense and rescue of Jews and Moslems at Granada (1492). - Admiral 1495, new flagship the Goke has 700 solders, cannons, sail, and galley power. - Failure of the city-state (Venice). - Battle of Lepanto (1571), Venetians+ Spanish ("Holy League") defeat Ottoman navy.