Erik Gobien - AS 2 Timeline (The Articles of Confederation (November 15,…
Erik Gobien - AS 2 Timeline
The Articles of Confederation (November 15, 1777 - March 1, 1781)
The Constitutional Convention (1787–1789)
Ratification of the Constitution (June 21, 1788)
The First 8 Amendments
supported states rights and loose interpretation of the constitution. The leaders of the party was Thomas Jefferson, Samuel Adams and Patrick Henry
were primarily white, socially elite, politicians. They wanted a strong centralized government and loose interpretation of the constitution
the purpose of legislative branch
is making laws. It consists of Congress. Congress has two houses the House of Representatives and the Senate.
Purpose of the executive branch & Electoral College
is to enforce laws and control the military. The president is the head of state and commander-in-chief and is the face of the government. The Electoral College votes on the president and the vice president and counts the electoral votes by Congress.
the purpose of the judicial branch
is to interpret laws made by the legislative branch and enforced by the executive branch. This is made up of the Supreme Court and nine justices.
states that the government can not inflect excessive bail or unusual punishment (Ex. Cut off a limb)
guarantees anyone a speedy trial, an unbiased jury, and an attorney if the person wants one.
stated that you have to be told why you are being arrested or being put in prison.
says that you can not search someone without a government permit or reason.
says that the government can not make a soldier live on your property. (Aka no quartering soldiers in private homes)
is the right to bear arms and own a weapon legally
is basic freedoms of religion, speech, the press, the right to assemble, and the right to petition the government
The Great Compromise
was a compromise made to make both smaller states and larger states happy. It consisted of a bicameral legislative branch with equal representation in the senate. But the House of representatives would be population proportionate.
The New Jersey Plan
was a proposal made by William Paterson on June 15, 1787 in response to the Virginia plan. It proposed one house in the legislative branch and your population decided how many votes in congress you have. This supported larger states who would have a larger say in congress.
The Virginia Plan
was a proposal to establish a two house legislative branch and equal congress votes in the US government. This was proposed James Madison in 1787. This supported the smaller states who would have equal say in congress as larger states.
The 3/5 Compromise
was solving an issue with slaves and if they counted as the general population. If they counted as a person the south would have more people in the House of Representatives. The compromise was that slaves would count as 3/5th's of a person, this means three out of every five slaves counted as one person.
Strengths and Weaknesses
Strength: Gave rights to the states
Strength: Establishes a government
Weakness: Had no legislative branch
Weakness: Could not enforce laws
Weakness: Had to borrow money to repay the government war dept.
The Powers Split Between the State and Central Government
The Articles established a weak central government and placed most powers in the hands of the states. There was no executive branch to enforce any acts and there was no court system or judicial branch.
was a group of poor farmers and revolutionary war veterans who were rebelling agents State taxes. A private militia of over 4,000 was sent to put down the rebellion
The Northwest Ordinance
was an act that established a government in America Northwest territories. It stated that if a territory had a more then a population of 60,000 people it could apply for statehood.
The Articles of Confederation
was the first written document to establish a government. It was widely disputed throughout the young country, it was replaced with the constitution because of its links to making the USA a tyranny.