AUS History (1606 Dutch sailors land (1644 "New Holland"…
Dutch sailors land
"New Holland" founded
British lose America
New colonies established
New Castle founded.
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Kills 70% of aboriginal population.
Less than half were convicts initially; simply a myth.
Now had nowhere to put convicts.
Land on East coast and named is "New South Wales" by James Cook.
Many moved to cities for work, but there wasn't enough to go around. So poverty and crime increased, quickly bringing British prisons to capacity.