27 Industrial Revolution Inventions ( The Watt Steam Engine, the engine…
27 Industrial Revolution Inventions
The Watt Steam Engine, the engine that changed the world
James Watt invented a steam engine in 1775, to which he added a separate condenser, to prevent the steam engine from getting too hot, and make it more efficient.
Cause: James Watt realized the steam and the steam engine needed to be the same temperature.
Effect: He invented the steam engine so that the steam and the steam engine could be the same temperature.
The Cotton Gin: the engine that made cotton production boom
Eli Whitney invented the cotton engine, gin for short, in 1794.
Cause: Eli Whitney wanted a way to quickly remove cotton seeds from their fibers.
Effect: He didn't make very much money off of the cotton gin.
Portland Cement and the invention of concrete
Joseph Aspdin invented a chemical process to make Portland Cement.
Cause: He was a bricklayer and plasterer.
Effect: He found a new way to make cement.
Telegraph communications, a pillar of the Industrial Revolution
Telegraph communication was invented in the early 1800's.
Cause: Samuel Morse and other inventors wanted a way to communicate long distance.
Effect: They created an efficient, easy way to communicate long-distance.
The modern roads by John McAdam
John McAdam invented a new way to build roads in the mid-late 1700s.
Cause: The world needed a way to travel efficiently.
Effect: John McAdam invented the first modern roads.
The Bessemer process that changed steel
In 1856, Henry Bessemer invented a non-expensive way for mass production of steel from molten pig iron.
Cause: Bessemer tried to blow air through a vat of molten iron.
Effect: He created a different way to blow air through a molten vat of iron.
The first modern Battery by Volta
The first true modern electric battery was invented in 1800.
Cause: Everyone needed a way to have an efficient rechargeable battery.
Effect: He invented a rechargeable battery.
The Locomotive revolution
Locomotives allowed people over long distances and large-scale movements of resources.
Cause: The locomotive started after the invention of the steam engine.
Effect: People had a way to travel long distances, and it helped with trading goods too.
The first factory opened by Lombe
In 1721, John Lombe in Derby opened the first documented factory.
Cause: Everyone wanted a way to throw silk, so he built the silk mill.
Effect: Lombe opened the first successful silk throwing mill.
The Power Loom, overtaking all UK factories
In 1784, Edmund Cartwright introduced the first working machine
Cause: People who would weave would get their yarn tangled.
Effect: The power loom allowed weaving without getting tangled.
Arkwright's Water Frame spinning machine
Richard Arkwright was a barber who invented a machine that could spin cotton fibers into yarn or thread very fast and easily.
Cause: He wanted a way to spin a bunch of strands of yarn at once.
Effect: He invented a way to spin 96 strands of yarn at once.
Spectrometer, or how we studied glowing objects
Joseph von Fraunhofer invented the spectrometer in 1814.
Cause: We needed a way to study glowing objects.
Effect: Joseph von Fraunhofer invented the spectrometer.