The Ones Who Walked Away From Omelas
Ursula Le Guin
Le Guin's short story features the people of Omelas, who experience a complex, Utopian type of happiness, but with the exception that one child must suffer through isolation and extreme malnutrition. All the people of Omelas know of the child, and while most can except it, some choose to leave instead. In this story, Le Guin questions the meaning of happiness and attempts to poke holes in the Utilitarian ideas of morality.