Labor Unions during the Gilded Age (Knights of Labor (Was a secret society…
Labor Unions during the Gilded Age
American Federation of Labor
Concentrated on attaining narrower economic goals.
Founded in 1886 as an association of 25 craft unions
Wouldn't achieve major successes until the early decades of the 20th century
Led by Samuel Gompers until 1924
Focused on just higher wages and improved working conditions
By 1901, it was the largest union with 1 million members
Industrial Workers of the World
sought to organize unskilled laborers in order to challenge and overthrow the capitalist system.
radical labor union that was prominent in the first decades of the 20th century.
Type of trade union
aim to organize the workers, so that they can jointly force the employers of workers to grant better pay, shorter hours, and better conditions.
Labor organization founded in Chicago in 1905 by representatives of 43 groups.
Knights of Labor
Was a secret society in order to avoid detection by employers
The union went public in 1881 under leadership of Terence V. Powederly
Began in 1869
Secrecy also gave the organization an emotional appeal.
Second national labor union
mirrored the main concerns of workers across the U.S.
The union fought for the regulation of working hours and especially championed the eight-hour workday.