Labor Unions of the Gilded Age (Industrial Workers of the World (They…
Labor Unions of the Gilded Age
American Federation of Labor
Wanted to attain narrow economic goals
Improved working conditions
Founded in 1886 on 25 craft Unions and was led by Samuel Gompers
America's largest labor Union
Had 1 million members by 1901
They had members walk out on their jobs until their employers would agree to a better settlement so they would continue working
Industrial Workers of the World
It was founded in Chicago in 1905 and represents 43 groups.
It opposed the American Federation of Labor's acceptance of capitalism and didn't want any unskilled workers as members either.
They opposed unfair labor through strikes
Cripple Creek Strike
Was led by Haywood and had their greatest victories in the lumber industry in the Pacific Northwest.
It was the only labor organization that opposed World War l
Knights of Labor
Began in 1869 as a secret society to avoid detection by employers
Terence V. Powderly led the Union to go public in 1881
Opened up membership to everyone, including women and African Americans
Powderly encouraged reforms
Worker cooperatives "to make each man his own employer"
Abolition of child labor
Abolition of trusts and monopolies
Powderly preferred arbitration rather than strikes but because the Knights of Labor where so disorganized, he couldn't control local units who decided to strike.
Attained their peak membership of 730,000 workers in 1886, they declined rapidly due to the opinion of the public from the Haymarket Bombing.