THE BRITISH EMPIRE (Colonies (America (First permanent settlement 1607…
THE BRITISH EMPIRE
Search for northern route to china
First Europeans after vikings
Canada got recognized as a province of The british empire
Canada later gained autonomy by becoming a dominion
First permanent settlement 1607 (Colony Jamestown)
Founded by Virginia Company of London
John Smith (leader) good relations with natives
John had to go
Soon they were fighting
England pushed the natives out of the area
1839 - War between China and the british empire, cause china burned opium, britain won, making a lot of money, and making china act in british interest
There was the East india company. The british controlled it. It controlled all trade between England and India, where they mainy traded Tekstiles, powders, and most importantly Tea
The british had a private millitary protecting the company
Most of the "soldiers" was indians
The british started treating their member of the private millitary worse
The indian got angry, and started "The Sepoy Revolt"
The british won
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Occupied 1815 - 1950
Lesotho, Benin, Botswana, Somalia, Ghana, Cameroon, Nigeria, Gambia, Zambia, Malawi, Sierra Leone, Namibia, Zimbabwe, Eswatini, Tanzania, Uganda, Sudan and Kenya.
Occupied 1913 - (1950 - 1970)
Occupied 1882 - 1922
The british gave all the Jews Jerusulem, so they had a place to be.
The muslims who lived there already got angry, because they thought they would get the area
The palestine war
Australia and NZ
Got it as Australia as a colony in 1783 - George III
Got New Zealand as a colony in about 1845
In the start New Zealand was happy with the britans since they traded with each other
Eventually realized the europeans wouldn't stop coming, so they got mad
They got into a war, which the british won, and resulted in more european settlement
Technological advancement within the british empire
Industrial revolution in 1760-1820
Didn't last long
Pax britannica - 1815-1914 - Britan had the best navy, 357 ships compared to frances 87 ships.
Steam powered ships, Trains, Telegrams
Spain and Portugal
England wanted to undermine spain
Gave dutch privateers shelters in english ports (Spain held the netherlands at this point)
The dutch began raiding Spains silver, it went to England
Englands and Spains relationsship worsened
England won big time
Spain is now pretty much bankrupt
Next year england began counter attack
Goal to get silver, Portugal , and to destroy the remaining spanish ships
1815 - French revolution - more colonies (Malta and South Africa)
Got into a competition called the great game, about which country could get the most infuence
The british empire, france and the ottoman empire got scared of russia increaing influence over the balkans.
The war "The Crimean War" started, and the allies won
Berlin Conference - 1884-1885
The major european countires divided africa into colonies.
The british empire had most of the colonies until just after 2nd world war.
What happening inside the British empire
1845 - 1849 The Irish Potato Farmine half of ireland died to starvation cause britain demanded they should grow more opium
1922 - Ireland independece
Split Ireland and England
Split with Rome
1534 - 1542